Proximity fosters better science collaboration finds Harvard researchers.
Harvard Business Review on inner cities planting for innovation districts.
Creative spaces at Brighton. And lots of research to back it up.
"Reframing the role of knowledge parks and science cities in knowledge-based urban development" by Paul Benneworth, Tiago Ratinho
Kennispark is a "Knowledge-based urban development" (KBUDs) in Netherlands.
Urban density and the rate of invention ✩
Gerald A. Carlino ∗, Satyajit Chatterjee, Robert M. Hunt
Economists, beginning with Alfred Marshall, have studied the significance of cities in the production andexploitation of information externalities that, today, we call knowledge spillovers. This paper presents robust
evidence of those effects.We show that patent intensity—the per capita invention rate—is positively related
to the density of employment in the highly urbanized portion of MAs. All else equal, a city with twice the
employment density (jobs per square mile) of another city will exhibit a patent intensity (patents per capita)
that is 20 percent higher. Patent intensity is maximized at an employment density of about 2200 jobs per
square mile. A city with a more competitive market structure or one that is not too large (a population less
than 1 million) will also have a higher patent intensity. These findings confirm the widely held view that the
nation’s densest locations play an important role in creating the flow of ideas that generate innovation and
A book called:
by F Bifulco, M Tregua, CC Amitrano -